Hampshire (including Basingstoke and Deane, East Hampshire, Eastleigh, Fareham, Gosport, Hart, Havant, New Forest, Portsmouth, Rushmoor, Southampton, Test Valley and Winchester) is in the South East of England. It has a population of around 1,760,000 and covers approximately 377,000 hectares. Here is a list of nearby or neighbouring counties: Berkshire, Dorset, Isle of Wight, Surrey, West Sussex, Wiltshire.
Hampshire has a southern border with the English Channel and the Solent straight, which separates it from the Isle of Wight. Its county town is Winchester, which was once the capital of England and where visitors can see a statue of King Alfred. Displayed in the Medieval Winchester Great Hall is a round table which is thought to have been created around 1290 to celebrate the legend of the Round Table, around which met King Arthur and his Knights. The ports of Southampton and Portsmouth are an important part of Hampshires maritime history and the county has inspired artists such as J. M. W. Turner and L. S. Lowry. This naval history is represented by attractions such as the Historic Dockyard, where visitors can see HMS Victory, the flagship of Lord Nelson during the Battle of Trafalgar in the year 1805, and The Mary Rose Museum, with the remains of the Tudor ship which was launched during the reign of Henry VIII, sank in 1545 and was salvaged in 1982. Performing arts venues in Hampshire include the Mayflower Theatre in Southampton, The Anvil in Basingstoke, the Theatre Royal Winchester and The Brook in Southampton.
Built during the 16th century, Breamore House was extensively restored during the 19th century and is set among picturesque parkland. Within the Elizabethan manor house there is period furniture, collections of ceramics, textiles and paintings and the Countryside Museum features exhibits drawn from village life and work during previous centuries. Constructed on the site of an earlier mansion during the 19th century, Highclere Castle has become famous as the location where the television series Downton Abbey is filmed. The exterior architecture is Jacobethan style (mixing Jacobean and Elizabethan architecture), the interior rooms are finely decorated and furnished and the impressive gardens and parkland were designed during the 18th century by the landscape architect Capability Brown. Other attractions in Hampshire include Winchester Cathedral, the Tudor House and Garden in Southampton, Portsmouth City Museum, Beaulieu Abbey-Palace House, Jane Austens House, Romsey Abbey, the remains of Portchester Castle and the New Forest, with its historic landscape and wildlife.
(Born 1911 in Ampfield in Hampshire), Fiction
Writer of the well loved and very popular Thomas the tank engine along with many other stories in the railway series of books. He is perhaps better known as the Reverend W. Awdry.
(Born 1881 in Ringwood in Hampshire), Art,Illustration
Known as an artist, illustrator and writer, he was established as a major centre of the arts and crafts movement. He collaborated with his wife Constance Smedley combining design, illustration, text and theatre.
(Born 1829 in Southampton in Hampshire), Painting,Illustration
Sir John Everett Millais, English artist and illustrator, was a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Meredith received seven nominations for the Noble Prize for literature. His first novel was The Shaving of Shagpat - a bit like The Arabian Nights (English version 1706). His perhaps most famous piece of poetry was The Lark Ascending which inspired Ralph Vaughan Williams to write his classic work of the same name.
(Born 1588 in Bentworth in Hampshire), Poetry
Wither was an early Jacobean poet and satirist. His writing often got him into trouble and he ended up in Marshalsea prison for libel in 1604.