In the 1930s an early form of polymer clay was Bakelite, which was a type of plastic. This ended up being discontinued due to the phenol base of unbaked Bakelite which was flammable. By the late 1930s polymer clay had been created in Germany by Fifi Rehbinder a doll maker and was named Fifi Mosaik. In 1964 the formula for the clay was sold to Eberhard Faber who went on to adjust the formula and developed it into Fimo which is still used today.
Polymer clay has become popular over the years and other versions have been created along side the original for use in the making of ornaments, figures, jewellery and original artwork.