An overview of floral design
Floral design is an art that involves arranging flowers, foliage, and other natural elements to create visually stunning compositions. Whether for a special occasion or simply to brighten up a room, floral arrangements can add a touch of elegance and beauty to any space. This craft guide will provide tips and techniques for creating stunning floral designs, including advice on selecting the right flowers, arranging them in a pleasing manner, and caring for the finished product. With a little bit of creativity and some basic knowledge, anyone can become a skilled floral designer and create beautiful arrangements that are sure to impress.
A history of floral design
The History of Floral Design in the UK
Floral design has a rich and varied history in the UK, dating back to ancient times when flowers were used for religious and cultural purposes. Over the centuries, floral design has evolved to become both an art form and a practical skill, with designers using a range of techniques and materials to create stunning arrangements for a variety of occasions.
The Early History of Floral Design
In ancient times, flowers were often used as symbols of religious or cultural significance. The Egyptians, for example, created elaborate wreaths and garlands using flowers and other plant materials to honour their gods and decorate their tombs. The Greeks and Romans also used flowers in their religious ceremonies and festivals, and the Romans were particularly fond of using flowers to create intricate floral designs for their homes and public spaces.
During the Middle Ages, flowers continued to play an important role in religious and cultural ceremonies. Monks in monasteries often grew and arranged flowers for use in their daily devotions, and floral design became a popular skill among the aristocracy.
The Rise of Floristry as a Profession
In the 19th century, floristry became recognised as a profession in its own right, and professional florists began to create elaborate arrangements for weddings, funerals and other events. This was also a time of great experimentation in floral design, with florists using exotic flowers and materials to create ever-more elaborate and intricate designs.
During the Victorian era, floral design became an important part of etiquette and social customs, with specific flowers and arrangements considered appropriate for different occasions. The Language of Flowers, a Victorian-era code that assigned symbolic meanings to different flowers, also became popular, allowing people to communicate hidden messages through the flowers they gave or received.
Modern Trends in Floral Design
In the 20th century, floral design continued to evolve and diversify, with new materials and techniques constantly being developed. The introduction of refrigeration and air transport allowed florists to source exotic flowers from all over the world, and the rise of mass-market floristry made floral design accessible to a wider audience.
In recent years, there has been a trend towards more natural and sustainable forms of floral design, with designers using locally sourced flowers and foliage and incorporating natural elements such as branches, stones and moss into their arrangements. There has also been a renewed interest in traditional floral design techniques, such as Ikebana and European floral design, which emphasise simplicity, balance and harmony.
Today, floral design is a thriving industry in the UK, with professional florists creating stunning arrangements for weddings, events, and commercial spaces. There are also many hobbyists who enjoy floral design as a creative outlet, and the rise of social media has made it easier than ever to share and learn new techniques.
The Future of Floral Design
As the world becomes more conscious of the environment and the impact of consumerism, it is likely that floral design will continue to evolve in new and exciting ways. There is a growing trend towards sustainable and ethical floristry, with designers using locally grown and seasonal flowers, compostable materials, and eco-friendly techniques. This trend is likely to continue as people become more aware of the importance of sustainability and environmental responsibility.
In conclusion, floral design has a long and fascinating history in the UK, from its origins in ancient religious and cultural ceremonies to its current status as a vibrant and creative art form. With its rich traditions and constant innovation, floral design is sure to continue to thrive and inspire for many years to come.
Techniques of floral design
The life of cut flowers can be prolonged by putting a small quantity of sodium carbonate, ammonium chloride or potassium nitrate into the water in which they are standing.
Doing this keeps the flowers fresh by stimulating cells and slowing the growth of germs. However this is only a temporary measure.
1. Mix one part silica gel with four parts borax, having first removed any lumps from the borax using a sieve.
2. After picking the flowers, cut the stems near the base.
3. Put a layer of the preserving powder in the bottom of an air-tight jar or plastic bag and place the face of a blossom onto the powder.
4. Cover the flower with more of the powder and repeat the process until the jar is full of flowers.
5. Squeeze all of the air from the bag and tie it with string or put the lid on the jar.
6. Leave the bag or jar, for around four weeks, in a dry place.
7. After four weeks carefully open the jar or bag, remove each of the blossoms and blow off the powder.
8. Create a stem using florists wire run through the underside of the blossoms.
Drying flowers in a microwave
Microwaving flowers to dry them has become increasingly popular. This is due to the time it takes. Minutes rather than days. With some trial and error, start on a very low setting and for a very short space of time. Do not put in any metal (like wired flowers) and support with silica gel or silver sand.