The art of creating newly bound books or the repair, conservation and restoration of old books. Books are often created using folded pages, attached to the cover.

Bookbinders use a large collection of tools. As well as a selection of hand tools:

A lying and a finishing press. Some presses can be reversed, so they can do both jobs.
Sewing frame
Plough and blades
Bench tub
Cutting press
Set of backing boards
Gliding tool handles
Nipping boards
Folder
Binding needles
Sewing key

Book cloths or other covering materials
Glues
Beeswax
Sewing thread
Sewing tape