Arts and crafts glossary



Many crafts use some form of adhesive to attach one item to another, this could be a glue, paste, gum, cement, bonding etc

With this stitch you can create a line that has no gaps.

Decorative combination of strips of veneer, used to decorate furniture or edge marquetry pictures

Traditional cask capacities - 36 gallons

The art of making baskets with interwoven materials like wicker, wood, grass, bamboo etc

A textile design technique using wax as a resist against coloured dyes.

The bulge in the middle of the cask

A skilled craftsman that made chair legs and braces

The central hoops after the Quarter hoops on a cask

The hole used to both fill and empty the cask

Traditional cask capacities - 108 gallons

This stitch is usually used around the edge of a piece of work. As such it can at times be used to connect two pieces of material together.

Meaning 'Beautiful Writing' from the Greek language 'Kali Graphe'

The section either side of the Cask Middle

The art of making fabric-covered boxes - traditionally stitched not glued.

This is a sewing stitch that once completed looks like a chain. It creates a bolder line. It can be a little difficult to master.

The extensions of the staves beyond the cask head

Hoops at the heads of the cask

warm Belgian chocolate flows down over the tiers and your dips are immersed into the chocolate.

Luxury hand made chocolates to the taste of your creation

A cooper makes or repairs casks

A cooper would work in a cooperage

Coopering means to do the work of a cooper

An embroidery technique in which strips of fabric, string etc are stitched onto the piece of work. The end result produces a 'zipped' effect.

An event where handmade goods are sold

The stitch can be used to create a series of crosses or Xs.

The cut where the heads are fitted

A technique used to burn away areas of a fabric leaving a textured pattern. Often seen on velvet/velour type scarves.

The art of drying whole flowers and stems to preserve the natural colour, usually air dried

The hoop in embroidery is used to hold a section of the material in place whilst working on the part. It makes stitching much easier. They are usually light weight so you can hold them with one hand.

Beeswax-based paint of the ancients. The modern version is extremely versatile.

Small jewellery making components,

Traditional cask capacities - 9 gallons

A French word meaning arrows, is a machine knitting technique used on a Passap machine to produce diagonal patterning.

The French knot is a stitch used to create a raised point of colour.

If you want to attach small or very small items to cards or other project a glue dot could be thing you are looking for. With the dot being small it can be less messy.

Both the top and the bottom of the cask

Traditional cask capacities - 54 gallons

Setting decorative bandings or marquetry designs into a solid wooden background

Originally meaning marquetry or inlay, now a separate craft combining fret-sawing and carving

Almost as common as cotton but a most more course vegetable fibre so often used in bags.

Traditional cask capacities - 18 gallons

Using straight eyeless needles to interlacing yarn in a series of connected loops

The craft of melting glass rods to form beads and small sculptures.

A person, or the craft, of cutting, grinding, shaping, or polishing stones, semi-precious stones, or gemstones.

Professional or hobbyist maker of marquetry or parquetry

Making deisgns and pictures from thin veneers of wood and other materials

The middle section of the Cask Head

Japanese paper cords, used to tie hair, for money envelopes and decorative crafts

The writing part of a pen as used in calligraphy and other crafts

A quick to learn technique for decorative painting

The Japanese art of paper folding. Papers are now used in a variety of crafts.

Decorative plasterwork usually found on timber framed houses, mainly in East Anglia.

Geometric marquetry designs (see Marquetry)

Traditional cask capacities - 4.5 gallons

The art of pressing natural flowers to preserve the colour and shape

Traditional cask capacities - 72 gallons

Writing with fire or heated tools onto leather or wood.

The sections after the Cask Cant

The hoops between the Chime and Bulge hoops

A pen cut and shaped from Swan or Goose flight feathers

Used to attach the hoops to the cask

This is a very easy to use stitch, it creates what looks like a series of dashes.

The process of soap making

The hobby of pasting memorabilia into custom-decorated albums, or scrapbooks.

A group of scrapbooking enthusiasts

Works on the principle of stretching material over a frame, blocking out certain areas and squeezing ink or dye through the frame - the same principle as stencilling.

A large computerised knitting machine which transferes computer generated designs into knitted garments. Often used in industry.

The bottom middle of a round basket, where the maker starts their work

As the name suggests, you push the needle back through the middle of the last stitch to split it.

The boards making up the sides of the cask

The joint between the cask staves

Pull the needle up next to the previous stitch. Keep to one side and at a slight angle to your line.

This stitch is used to create a row of parallel lines.

Making flowers and other items from sugar, marzipan, chocolate; also decorating cakes

4cm square pretty papers folded to make rosettes and used as embellishments for cards.

Wear it on the middle finger, so that you can push a needle through fabric. A thimble is a relatively inexpensive cap for your finger. If may be made of metal or rubber and could be open or closed top.

The base coat added to allow for a smoother or clearer finish. Often the undercoat is a less expensive light colour that both absorbs into the base layer and evens out colour.

This sheets of wood or other material (brass, mother-of-pearl, etc.) used for marquetry

Handmade Japanese paper

The old formal name for a timber merchant.

A spun thread of interlocking fibres.

You may want to use a zigzag stitch to re-enforce around a button hole, to connect the edges of two pieces of material or sewing materials that have a stretch.

Adding to the glossary

The craft glossary is not comprehensive, but it could be with your help. If you know any arts or crafts words or phrases that are not included here, please feel free to suggest it.

Suggest a craft word for the glossary

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