Arts and crafts glossary

The craft glossary is not comprehensive but it could be with your help. If you know an arts or crafts word that is not included here, please feel free to suggest it.


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Adhesive

Many crafts use some form of adhesive to attach one item to another, this could be a glue, paste, gum, cement, bonding etc

Banding

Decorative combination of strips of veneer, used to decorate furniture or edge marquetry pictures

Barrel

Traditional cask capacities - 36 gallons

Basketry

The art of making baskets with interwoven materials like wicker, wood, grass, bamboo etc

Batik

A textile design technique using wax as a resist against coloured dyes.

Bilge

The bulge in the middle of the cask

Bodger

A skilled craftsman that made chair legs and braces

Bulge hoop

The central hoops after the Quarter hoops on a cask

Bung hole

The hole used to both fill and empty the cask

Butt

Traditional cask capacities - 108 gallons

Calligraphy

Meaning 'Beautiful Writing' from the Greek language 'Kali Graphe'

Cant

The section either side of the Cask Middle

Cartonnage

The art of making fabric-covered boxes - traditionally stitched not glued.

Chime

The extensions of the staves beyond the cask head

Chime hoop

Hoops at the heads of the cask

Chocolate fountain

warm Belgian chocolate flows down over the tiers and your dips are immersed into the chocolate.

Chocolate Parties

Luxury hand made chocolates to the taste of your creation

Cooper

A cooper makes or repairs casks

Cooperage

A cooper would work in a cooperage

Coopering

Coopering means to do the work of a cooper

Couching

An embroidery technique in which strips of fabric, string etc are stitched onto the piece of work. The end result produces a 'zipped' effect.

Craft fair

An event where handmade goods are sold

Croze

The cut where the heads are fitted

Devore

A technique used to burn away areas of a fabric leaving a textured pattern. Often seen on velvet/velour type scarves.

Dried flowers

The art of drying whole flowers and stems to preserve the natural colour, usually air dried

Encaustic wax

Beeswax-based paint of the ancients. The modern version is extremely versatile.

Findings

Small jewellery making components,

Firkin

Traditional cask capacities - 9 gallons

Flechage

A French word meaning arrows, is a machine knitting technique used on a Passap machine to produce diagonal patterning.

Glue dots

If you want to attach small or very small items to cards or other project a glue dot could be thing you are looking for. With the dot being small it can be less messy.

Heads

Both the top and the bottom of the cask

Hogshead

Traditional cask capacities - 54 gallons

Inlay

Setting decorative bandings or marquetry designs into a solid wooden background

Intarsia

Originally meaning marquetry or inlay, now a separate craft combining fret-sawing and carving

Kilderkin

Traditional cask capacities - 18 gallons

Knitting

Using straight eyeless needles to interlacing yarn in a series of connected loops

Lampwork

The craft of melting glass rods to form beads and small sculptures.

Lapidary

A person, or the craft, of cutting, grinding, shaping, or polishing stones, semi-precious stones, or gemstones.

Marquetarian

Professional or hobbyist maker of marquetry or parquetry

Marquetry

Making deisgns and pictures from thin veneers of wood and other materials

Middle

The middle section of the Cask Head

Mizuhiki

Japanese paper cords, used to tie hair, for money envelopes and decorative crafts

Nib

The writing part of a pen as used in calligraphy and other crafts

Onestroke

A quick to learn technique for decorative painting

Origami

The Japanese art of paper folding. Papers are now used in a variety of crafts.

Pargeting/pargetting

Decorative plasterwork usually found on timber framed houses, mainly in East Anglia.

Parquetry

Geometric marquetry designs (see Marquetry)

Pin

Traditional cask capacities - 4.5 gallons

Pressed Flowers

The art of pressing natural flowers to preserve the colour and shape

Puncheon

Traditional cask capacities - 72 gallons

Pyrography

Writing with fire or heated tools onto leather or wood.

Quarter

The sections after the Cask Cant

Quarter hoop

The hoops between the Chime and Bulge hoops

Quill

A pen cut and shaped from Swan or Goose flight feathers

Rivet

Used to attach the hoops to the cask

Saponification

The process of soap making

Scrapbooking

The hobby of pasting memorabilia into custom-decorated albums, or scrapbooks.

Scrappers

A group of scrapbooking enthusiasts

Screen Printing

Works on the principle of stretching material over a frame, blocking out certain areas and squeezing ink or dye through the frame - the same principle as stencilling.

Shima Seiki

A large computerised knitting machine which transferes computer generated designs into knitted garments. Often used in industry.

Slath

The bottom middle of a round basket, where the maker starts their work

Stave

The boards making up the sides of the cask

Stave joint

The joint between the cask staves

Sugarcraft

Making flowers and other items from sugar, marzipan, chocolate; also decorating cakes

Tea-Bag Folding

4cm square pretty papers folded to make rosettes and used as embellishments for cards.

test

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testing

just a test

testing

just testing

thank you

this was a test

Undercoat

The base coat added to allow for a smoother or clearer finish. Often the undercoat is a less expensive light colour that both absorbs into the base layer and evens out colour.

Veneer

This sheets of wood or other material (brass, mother-of-pearl, etc.) used for marquetry

Washi

Handmade Japanese paper

Zigzag stitch

You may want to use a zigzag stitch to re-enforce around a button hole, to connect the edges of two pieces of material or sewing materials that have a stretch.