A birthstone is a precious gift, given to someone based on the calendar month they were born.

Birth stone Description
January Garnet Any of several common, aluminium or calcium silicate minerals, generally crystallized, often embedded in igneous and metamorphic rocks
February Amethyst A purple or violet form of transparent quartz or a purple variety of corundum
March Aquamarine A transparent blue-green variety of beryl
April Diamond An extremely hard, highly refractive crystalline form of carbon that is usually colourless
May Emerald A brilliant green to grass-green transparent variety of beryl
June Pearl A smooth, lustrous, variously coloured deposit, chiefly calcium carbonate, formed around a grain of sand or other foreign matter in the shells of certain mollusks
July Ruby A deep red, translucent variety of the mineral corundum
August Peridot A yellowish-green variety of olivine
September Sapphire A clear hard variety of corundum used as a gemstone that is usually blue but may be any colour except red
October Opal A mineral of hydrated silica, noted for its rich iridescence
November Topaz A colourless, blue, yellow, brown, or pink aluminium silicate mineral, often found in association with granitic rocks
December Turquoise A blue to blue-green mineral of aluminium and copper, a gemstone in its polished blue form

A piece of jewellery can be made up with the birthstones of the mothers or grandmothers children and or grandchildren based on their birth months, rather than the receivers birth month.

A history of birthstones

Birthstone are not a new idea the list has been around for thousands of years. If you read Exodus 28:17-20, then you will see that twelve precious stones were mounted in gold on Aorons breastplate. Alternatively, in Revelation 21:19-20 where the twelve foundations stones are listed.

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A birthstone is a precious gift, given to someone based on the calendar month they were born. Making jewellery is very popular in the UK and you may find the perfect piece by looking at the list of jewellery makers on this site.

Birthstones are different to birthday stone, which relates to the day of the week a person was born:

  • Monday: pearl, crystal
  • Tuesday: ruby, emerald
  • Wednesday: amethyst, lodestone
  • Thursday: sapphire, carnelian
  • Friday: emerald, cat's eye
  • Saturday: turquoise, diamond
  • Sunday: topaz, diamond

In addition, there is a list of precious birthstones based on the zodiac:

Sign, Dates, Stone

  • Aquarius, January 21 - February 19, Garnet
  • Pisces, February 20 - March 20, Amethyst
  • Aries, March 21 - April 20, Bloodstone
  • Taurus, April 21 - May 20, Sapphire
  • Gemini, May 21 - June 21, Agate
  • Cancer, June 22 - July 22, Emerald
  • Leo, July 23 - August 23, Onyx
  • Virgo, August 24 - September 23, Carnelian
  • Libra, September 24 - October 23, Peridot
  • Scorpio, October 24 - November 22, Beryl
  • Sagittarius, November 23 - December 21, Topaz
  • Capricorn, December 22 - January 20, Ruby